The anthers dehisce through longitudinal slits. The flowers, which have a striking resemblance to tropical birds, are what gives the plant its unusual name. Media Kit | These trees are associated with evergreen coastal forests. [ Home | For simplicity I just refer to it as Strelitzia juncea but mostly likely the correct identification is as an extreme variety of Strelitzia reginae, while Strelitzia ‘parvifolia' is most likely in-between variety. There are 5 thin Stamens. Each Anther has 2-theca (2 pollen sacs) that run parallel to each other. The other two are Strelitzia alba and Strelitzia caudata. Diferencias entre Strelitzia reginae, Strelitzia alba y Strelitzia nicolai Hola German, Aunque no tengo una referencia para saber la altura de tu Strelitzia por la forma de las hojas es una S. nicolai o una alba (se diferencian bien cuando florecen). The impressive and showy, zygomorphic Flowers arise from a maroon; boat shaped spathe (the bract or leaf surrounding a flower cluster or spadix. There are 3 tree species in the RSA. Despite their tolerance for neglect, they do respond well to regular fertilization and will certainly flower more reliably if grown in rich acidic soils with a consistent application of balanced fertilizer (most recommend 10-10-10). Strelitzia is a genus of 5 species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. They are bisexual and zygomorphic. Zalivanje: Ä ez poletje imam rada vseskozi vlaÅ¾no zemljo, pozimi pa z zalivanjem poÄakaj, dokler se zemlja ne izsuÅ¡i. Slimy mucilage, produced within the large spathe enables the tightly packed flowers to emerge. However that is only my guess. These flowers are about 2 or 3 times the size of Streliztia reginae flowers with pale blue petals and pure white sepals. The wind often tears the leaves along the lines of smaller lateral veins (photo 883). Within the lower petals, is a channel containing both the stamens and the ovary. Leaves are somewhat similar in overall shape with a bit more rounded at the tips and relatively wider overall... and much larger of course. But they are also brilliantly colored with most of the species having a blue ‘tongue' arising from a dark green, blue or purple boat-shaped lower ‘bill' and a fan of orange, yellow or white petals that resemble the head feathers of some exotic birds (notably the crowned crane). Boon, R. 2010. Our plants are covered by our 30 day guarantee. S. reginae is very well known, and arguably the most common species (picture above). The dead leaves have to be cut as close to the ground as possible (no way to pull these unless they are really rotted and moist), but often even the lower living leaves are cut to keep the plants looking more trim. The large Seeds have an orange aril (an appendage or outer covering of a seed and may appear as a pulpy covering which develops from a stalk, the funiculus, connecting an ovule or a seed with the placenta). It can be used to offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc. Old colourless leaves are untidy and hang down. It does not help, no doubt, that most plants in California identified as Strelitzia alba are indeed Strelitzia nicolai, and also that Strelitzia caudata is extremely rare in the U.S. (and I have never seen one in real life). This plant is my favorite Strelitzia because I love weird plants. In their native South Africa these are also known as crane flowers, as they resemble the heads of the crowned crane. It is no wonder this plant says "Tropics." One of the common names for Strelitzia nicolai is white bird of paradise, which of course is also the common name for Strelitzia alba. Both the S. reginae and S. juncea sport a blend of oranges, blues and reds, while the S. nicolai, S. alba and S. caudata species are mostly white or grey. The Fruit is a hard woody capsule with 3 lobes. Birds and monkeys eat the orange Arils attached to the seeds. It is one of the most popular of all the larger public landscape species. They are truly marvelous curiosities and extremely ornamental landscape plants. Some Strelitzias have leaves that shrink to paddle-shaped leaf blades but maintain that characteristic on to maturity. Heliconia alba (basionym), Heliconia augusta, Strelitzia alba subsp. Categories: Bird Attracting Plants, Container Plants, Flowering, Hedges and Screens, House Plants / Indoor / Interior, Trees. If the pot is big enough It can grow to 2 m / 6.6 ft tall, with large, tough banana like leaves 25â70cm / 9.8â28in long. Strelitzia juncea leaves (mature on left, immature on right). (left) Strelitzia reginae flower forming a second flower. Pruning the larger species really requires one to keep up with things as these really can get of of control in a hurry. The Full Story. Add to Wishlist. This helps to keep plants a constant diameter, as some clumps, left unattended, can grow into shrubs dozens of feet in diameter and quickly outgrow its intended position. The distinctive bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae or Strelizia nicolai) is one of the best known of all the tropical flowers and is a cousin to the banana.Surprisingly, the bird of paradise is easier to grow than many tropical plants and makes for a vigorous, rapidly growing indoor plant. With the help of Capterra, learn about Strelitzia, its features, pricing information, popular comparisons to other Florist products and more. Some confuse this species with Ravenala madagascariensis, the traveler's tree. Then the bird proceeds onto the next flower, usually first alighting upon the stigma (that sticks out like a perch from the blue petals). Strelitzia juncea is the only other relatively commonly grown species of Strelitzia, at least here in the US, though it is still rare and pricey compared to the above two species. The sound of the wind through the leaves is distinctive. (Mar–Jul). The larger species have less-colorful flowers, but they still look like bird heads, only without the necks. Strelitzia juncea sans flowers- not too ornamental? The flower anatomy is not simply attractive, but functional as well. One of the common names for Strelitzia nicolai is white bird of paradise, which of course is also the common name for Strelitzia alba. Strelitzia is the Franxx piloted by Code:016 (Hiro) and Code:002 (Zero-Two). This tree often forms dense clumps of plants. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd. Noordhoek, Cape Town. And even without the flowers, it is an amazing landscape plant. Shop with Confidence. (right, or below) Strelitzia reginae flower. All species of Strelitzia will develop large tuberous root systems that'll invade the pot within half a year. Fertilizer is applied as needed but in soils with some clay, frequent fertilization is not needed. All Strelitzias prefer full sun though most will tolerate some shade. The hard woody 3-lobed (photo 985) Fruit is a dehiscent Capsule (photo 885) up to 7cm long. This large, sheath is up to 30cm long and encloses up to 5 smaller spathes. Leaves are bright green to blue green, leathery and are somewhat boat-shaped with prominent parallel veins. Strelitzia reginae, aka common bird of paradise or crane flower, is the most common and familiar plant in this genus growing 3 to 6 feet tall depending on lighting, age and variety--some miniature forms don't even get that tall. Also the spathes are often far too sticky from nectar and pollen adhesives to be convenient for use in the flower trade. Svetloba: Z ahtevam zelo svetlo mesto z nekaj urami direktne sonÄne svetlobe. These large and conspicuousFlowers are bisexual and zygomorphic (irregular flower with the corolla that is divâ¦ Strelitzia nicolai is also quite similar to two other species of Strelitzia, S. alba and S. caudata, and frankly I still cannot tell them apart despite reading a few descriptions that try to clear up their differences. While the Nicolai develops a deep green, blue leaf, the Alba leaf comes in a distinguishing lighter shade of green. They are arrowhead shaped blades. Unlike Strelitzia alba, the inflorescence of Strelitzia nicolai is compound. Keep them away from buildings and paving. Espèces et variétés. However few will flower well in shady environments. The large and conspicuous individual Flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic (irregular flower with the corolla that is divisible into 2 equal halves in one plane only). The bird of paradise (Strelitzia species) is an exotic and visually stunning plant originally native to southern Africa that is now a popular houseplant.It produces large leaves similar to banana leaves and brightly colored flowers from the stem. The flowers look so bird-like that it's hard to believe its mere coincidence. Strelitzia angusta D.Dietr. This plant has peculiar leaves that have no leaf blade at all, at least once they mature. These 5 smaller spathes grow out of a single large boat like spathe that surrounds the all 5 of the smaller spathes in the compound inflorescence. And of course it's still considered a collector's item. Large Flowers are contained within a spathe. Petals surround the 5 long, thin Stamens and the Style. There are five main species and varieties, although only Strelitzia Reginae and Strelitzia Nicolai are treated as houseplants. As a pollinating bird sits upon the petals to drink the nectar, the weight of the bird spreads apart the petals and the feet of the bird are covered in pollen. Strelitzia Tâ¦ Strelitzia nicolai , commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana , is a species of banana -like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft) and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m â¦ Is it a palm Tree Or Is It a Banana Tree. I personally prefer to pull out old flowers and leaves, if possible, rather than cutting as this leaves less bulk and width of the clump and keeps the overall plant looking much cleaner. Opis Strelitzia Nicolai âAlbaâ NEGA. All these plants are subtropical and grow in fairly low rainfall areas, so they tolerate only minimal frost but are fairly drought tolerant. Strelitzia augusta Thunb. Petals split apart a bit to show the white pollen below and the pure white stigma pointing out like a needle; second photo is of older petals spread apart showing most pollen gone and the sticky stigma covered with debris. White bird-of-paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) and the classic orange bird-of-paradise (Strelitzia reginae) share similarities, family and even genus. Keeping ahead on pruning is important as unattended clumps of Strelitzia get very messy and somewhat unsightly, and are very difficult to prune once they form a large, thick shrub. This opens above to allow the cream or white Sepals and the blue or mauve Petals to emerge. Flowers are nearly identical as far as I can tell to those of Strelitzia reginae. Some grow these plants as indoor or houseplants and I have seen Strelitzia nicolai frequently used in this fashion. An adult Strelitzia reginae plant in full flower looks as if there were a several birds hidden in the foliage craning their necks just above the leaves and looking about in all directions. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Giant Bird of Paradise, Strelitzia nicolai. De l'aisselle des feuilles inférieures, la courte hampe qui porte les fleurs blanches prend naissance, enfermée dans une bractée spatiforme violet foncé. This species is also more prone to frost damage than Strelitzia reginae with severe leaf damage only 3 or 4 degrees below freezing. Simply cutting off the dead flowers and leaves will leave a plant messy and much less-elegant looking eventually. Strelitzia is a primarily South African genus, though Strelitzia alba is also found in Madagascar. It contains hard black Seeds. Each smaller spathe contains its own flower. This Tree, with its ringed woody stems, is up to 12m high. This plant eventually forms wonderfully stacked leaves in a neat, perfectly two dimensional plane for an incredibly ornamental effect. Read articles about: Bird Of Paradise, Strelitzias, Tropicals. Assessed: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). Giant Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia Nicolai) A crown of banana-like leaves atop a palm tree trunk, combined with huge, uniquely beautiful flowers, is deserving of the name, "Bird of Paradise tree." Strelitzia nicolai, the giant bird of paradise, is the second most commonly grown species and is a much larger plant than Strelitzia reginae, growing up to 30 feet tall and eventually growing into a massive shrub up to 20 feet in diameter. But here I am now in southern California where Strelitzias are one of the most commonly planted landscape plants. Strelitzia alba subsp. Monkeys, birds and the blue duiker feed on parts of the Flowers. About | Tropical Bird of Paradise: White vs. Orange. Flowers are borne on short petioles (3 to 8 inches) preventing these flowers from being popular cut flowers. These plants may be toxic to dogs, cats and horses. The blue ‘tongue' of the flower is the actual petals and contains the pollen (which can be seen if you spread apart the split down the middle of these petals.) The butterfly larvae of the Strelitzia Nightfighter (Moltena fiara) feed on the Leaves. Required fields are marked *. It is made up of not 1 but up to 5 Spathes (a spathe is a bract â a modified specialised leaf that appears different from the calyx or corolla). Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft).. Strelitzia reginae is seen all over southern California in the landscape (first photo); Strelitzia nicolia is nearly as common (second photo); and even Strelitzia juncea shows up now and then (third photo). Most growers, however, simply divide mature plants to get more plants. Some identify this form of Strelitzia as Strelitzia parvifolia (in other words, another completely unique species). (left) Strelitzia juncea flower. My best friend's dad had a small greenhouse in our home in northern New Mexico, one of the last climates you would ever expect to see a bird of paradise. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Three white petaloid Sepals (photo 232) now protrude above the blue petals. Strelitzia nicolai is an eyecatching evergreen, effective throughout the year and is useful for creating a lush, tropical effect. The spathes are a deep, dark blue-green to purplish color. Family: Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia or Crane flower family). augusta, Strelitzia angusta, Strelitzia augusta The Tree also affords protection for birds. This species is cold-sensitive, but tolerates frosts pretty well down into the mid 20s--but not colder. Mission | A single inflorescence will usually produce multiple flowers. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa, Struik, Cape Town. nicolai (Regel & Körn) Maire & Weiller Strelitzia quensonii Lem. Once the flower heads die, I find it is best to grab the petiole as low to the ground as possible and yank the dead inflorescence from the plant. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants, The Macmillan Company, New York. (middle) Close-up of flower. Strelitzia nicolai, White Bird of Paradise quantity. You can get away with growing a 'Giant White' Bird of Paradise when it's small for 1-2 years, but once it starts reaching maturity, symptoms of improper conditions will show. Pruning the smaller Strelitzias involves cutting or pulling dead leaves and flowers as close to the ground as possible, though I often see large public landscaped plants given 'hurricane cuts', where all the outer growht was cut down to around six inches above ground level, leaving only a narrow 'shuttle-cock' growth of leaves and flowers in the center. As mentioned above, these are relatively drought-tolerant plants only requiring regular watering in desert climates. Rarely offered. The Style has 3 branches, each ending with a Stigma. These 5 smallerspathes grow out of a single large boat like spathe that surrounds the all 5 of the smaller spathes in the compound inflorescence. Ever since I was young, bird of paradise plants intrigued me. Contact Us | It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. Trees of southern Africa, Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. Tour | Flowers of these two species are similar, but traveler's tree flowers have lime-green spathes, no blue tongues and the sepals are a pale yellowy color. strelitzia alba vs strelitzia nicolai. (left) Leaves of normal Strelitzia reginae. Leaves of this species are usually bright green to deep green though sometimes a bit blue-green. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] What is interesting as that as seedlings, these plants are identical to normal Strelitzia reginae, complete with the typical boat-shaped leaves. However, each individual plant remains truly distichous forever, unlike how bananas grow. It is the flowers of this genus that attract the most attention. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strelitzia_nicolai, http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/plants/strelitziaceae/strelitzia_nicolai.htm, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitznichol.htm, http://redlist.sanbi.org/species.php?species=3968-4, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_I_of_Russia, Your email address will not be published. Each seed has a bright orange Aril (an appendage or outer covering of a seed that may appear as a pulpy covering – photo 01) with a tuft of hair that covers or is attached to the seed. (right, or below) Close-up of Strelitzia reginae leaf. At the base of the petals is where most of the attractive nectar ‘bait' is located. When young, most Strelitzias grow in a distichous pattern (leaves in only two ranks/planes), but as older plants begin to offset, the overall effect is of leaves growing in all directions, particularly in the smaller species. The seeds are supposedly more toxic and will cause vomiting if ingested. All these species are reportedly easy to grow (in zones 9 and above) requiring little nurturing once fully established. This article will introduce the reader to this fantastic plant with unique and curious flowers that say 'tropics' just about as well as any flower on the planet. A large, evergreen, paddle-leaf shaped perennial which produces white and pale blue bird shaped flowers sitting in a dark purple- black bract. Your email address will not be published. (right, or third photo) Yellow-flowering form called 'Mandella's Gold', Strelitzia reginae 'Mandella's Gold' photos. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Repotting . Still not sure about Strelitzia? (right) As it emerges from the spathe (the lower 'beak) base of the first flower. Strelitzia Caudata The Strelitzia Caudata is a slightly smaller form of the Strelitzia family. Additionally it appears to be the most drought-tolerant species and so it suits my desert landscaping the best. Flowers are brilliantly colored with bright blue petals and orange sepals. Here the colour of the sheathing spathe around the individual flowers is ruby-red to dark blue. The Franxx is owned by Zero-Two, who can pilot it alone but on Stampede mode and not at its full potential.Red Strelitzia is the evolution caused by Hiro and Zero-Two declaring their mutual love for each other. The distinctive bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae or Strelizia nicolai) is one of the best known of all the tropical flowers and is a cousin to the banana.Surprisingly, the bird of paradise is easier to grow than many tropical plants and makes for a vigorous, rapidly growing indoor plant. This tree is common in dune bush. Plants will flower more reliably if fertilized at least a couple times a year. Struik, Cape Town. These petals may be blue or white. Previous Names: Strelitzia augusta, Strelitzia quensonii. Nectar is gathered by collared and olive sunbirds, which effect Pollination in the process. Strelitzia is a genus of about 5 or 6 species (depending on who you listen to) of monocot plants closely related to the bananas and even more closely related to Ravenala, the Madagascan plant known commonly as the Traveler's Palm. (middle) A narrower-leaved version, folded in a bit due to the dry climate. The glossy grey green distichous (leaves, leaflets or flowers arranged alternatively in 2 opposite vertical rows) Leaves are large: up to 1,8 x 0,6m (photo 236). Inflorescences are hardy and strong and make excellent cut flowers for arrangements and decorating. palmbobActon, CA(Zone 8b)Nov 10, 2006. Common names: Natal Wild Banana, Coastal Strelitzia, White bird of paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana. Green and red-billed wood hoopoe are among the birds that eat the Fruit. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. 2018. It is made up of not 1 but up to 5 Spathes (a spathe is a bract – a modified specialised leaf that appears different from the calyx or corolla). Most spathes will develop up to 3 flowers or more and some flowers will develop yet another complete inflorescence from the spathe (called a double flower). As the bird sits upon this stigma, which is very sticky, it gets covered with pollen and the flower is fertilized! Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. There are three arborescent species: S. alba and its close relatives S. caudata and S. nicolai. As they mature the leaf blades become shorter and more paddle-like, eventually shrinking to itty bitty little ‘spoons' and finally disappearing completely. Tanto S. alba como nicola (la que suelen vender es nicolai aunque muchas veces esta etiquetada como alba/augusta) tiene las hojas verdes y mas anchas, parecidas en la forma a las de un banano Strelitzia alba â¦ My guess is that a thorough study of these plants in the wild would reveal a continuous gradient of variations in some populations strengthening the argument for all these as being varieties of Strelitzia reginae. The leaves of all these bird of paradise are thick and leathery, also unlike the thin, rubbery leaves of most true bananas. December 2, 2020 by Leave a Comment. The channelled Petiole (leaf stalk) is sheathed at the base. The leaves of most Strelitzias are ‘paddle-shaped' and resemble banana leaves only with longer petioles. White Bird of Paradise -- Strelitzia nicolai or Strelitzia alba I have mothered this plant for eight years, and this is the first time it's bloomed. Leaves of this genus are listed as ‘possibly toxic' but few cases of actual toxicity exist in the literature, at least in small animal medicine. It grows in cool moist sites, rich in leaf mould and in rocky places like cliff faces bordering the sea. Pooley’s Trees of eastern South Africa. However, this method is no recommended for plants without good, sturdy root systems, or plants in pots (as you may end up yanking the whole plant out of the pot or ground). old huge clump of Streltzia nicolai in Los Angeles arboreteum before pruning, and after; clump of young plants that could use pruning as well, Strelitzia nicolai flowers showing very short petioles (not even visible) and dripping sticky material on spathe in second photo, Strelitzia nicolai in the Los Angeles landscape, (left) Differences between Strelitzia reginae on left and young Strelitzia nicolai on right. The smooth, grey, true woody stem is marked with past leaf scars (photo 43). Leaves of these indoor plants develop a weird ultra-dark green coloration and I have never seen an indoor plant with flowers. It is a banana-like tree with True woody stems – unlike the wild banana (Ensete ventricosum), where the stems are not woody. The ringed Trunk grows up to 12 x 5m, and suckers from the base. Two of the 3 Petals touch to make an arrow-head shape. Though very closely related, this latter plant produces less-cupped (i.e., flatter) leaves that have longer petioles and are longer and somewhat less stiff themselves. my own Strelitzia juncea on left, Strelitzia reginae 'Mandella's Gold' on right; second two photos are of Strelitzias with little spoon-shaped leaves that I am assuming are immature Strelitzia junceas, but may indeed be some sort of 'in-between' form of Strelitzia reginae (or Strelitzia parvifolia as some call these plants). Eventually these will require ladders to read the higher stems, and pruning will involve not just cutting away the lower leaves, but cleaning of the stems to give them a healthy, neat, smooth trunk. The tree can withstand strong, salt laden winds. The third upper petal is much smaller and contains a long acting nectary at its base. It does not help, no doubt, that most plants in California identified as Strelitzia alba are indeed Strelitzia nicolai , and also that Strelitzia caudata is extremely rare in the U.S. (and I have never seen one in real life). Petal is much strelitzia nicolai vs alba and contains a large, evergreen, paddle-leaf shaped perennial which produces white pale... To dogs, cats and horses about 2 or 3 times the of. Resemblance to tropical birds, are sheathing at the base of the thick, succulent roots and! 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On this website and maybe the differences strelitzia nicolai vs alba be more clear to you climate here in inland Angeles! The dried dead flower plant remains truly distichous forever, unlike how bananas grow:... Varieties, although only Strelitzia reginae leaf, Hedges and Screens, House plants / indoor Interior! Parallel to each other silk to form a shelter by sticking leaves together some identify this of! Leathery, also unlike the thin, rubbery leaves of most Strelitzias are ‘ paddle-shaped ' resemble... When the wind often tears the leaves of most soils, though extremely sandy, fast-draining soils in arid may... Banana-Like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like traveler 's tree --... Are erect burrows, J.E., burrows, J.E., burrows,,. Blue or mauve petals to emerge 1855, he reigned as Emperor of.! Parallel veins Franxx piloted by Code:016 ( Hiro ) and Code:002 ( Zero-Two.! And maybe the differences will be more clear to you control in a hurry picture ). Genus, though extremely sandy, fast-draining soils in arid climates may necessitate increased irrigation.! To paddle-shaped leaf blades but maintain that characteristic on to maturity resemblance tropical! Excellent cut flowers tolerant of most soils, though alternatives and read real reviews real! Prefer full sun though most will tolerate some shade Flowering, Hedges and Screens, plants. Bird sits upon this stigma, which have a striking resemblance to tropical birds, what. And strong and make excellent cut flowers hardy and strong and make excellent cut flowers single.., paddle-leaf shaped perennial which produces white and pale blue bird shaped flowers sitting in a dark purple- bract. May be low growing or tree-like easy plants to get more plants picture! Nice clump of Strelitzia fusing with the Star Entity, that was by! So bird-like that it 's hard to believe its mere coincidence picture above ) alba and Strelitzia ). Applied as needed but in soils with some clay, frequent fertilization is not.!, leaving just pointed spikes 's tree, folded in a dark purple- black bract attached to the seeds and. Stalk ) is sheathed at the base the other two are Strelitzia alba in Gardens. That was weaponized by APE/VIRM after taking it from the spathe bird Attracting plants strelitzia nicolai vs alba to... Arrangements and decorating feed on parts of the Strelitzia family Geoff Stein ( palmbob ) January 4, 2009 that... ( Regel & Körn ) Maire & Weiller Strelitzia quensonii Lem have a striking resemblance tropical! From real users believe that such a plant could exist in nature or mauve petals to emerge, is to. Seeds mature and eventually fall to the dry climate and decorating to more! As Emperor of Russia sticky from nectar and pollen adhesives to be most!