Not really one I’d recommend giving someone as gift though, because…she big. I have thrips on my Variegated monstera (thai constellation, I’m not rich enough for an albo) and they’re the very devil to get rid of. When healthy and vigorous, very little will harm them! A delicious monster. When healthy and vigorous, very little will harm them! They are mildly toxic to pests, causing bugs to reduce feeding, maturing, interrupting mating, and clogs the breathing system resulting in death. Do not fertilize in the winter. Lower leaves which are dying off can be removed by cutting 1/4″ above the stem joint. The jury’s out on whether care can affect the number of fenestrations on the leaf. Indoor specimens often grow to 4-5 feet in height. Bonide Neem Oil is an all-purpose insecticide, miticide, fungicide for organic gardening. Here’s some hints on the best conditions you can house your plant in. If you do get a variegated monstera that’s likely to revert (like the Albo/Alba Borsigiana), cut the green leaves back to encourage variegation. Monstera means monster, and deliciosa means delicious, which is quite pleasing. If you get into the habit of regularly cleaning the leaves of your plant with neem oil, you’ll be less likely to attract the attention of any unwanted critters. You can use house plant potting mix – I have before and my monstera didn’t die. If you put your monstera in a south or west-facing window it might be an idea to put up a sheer curtain to block out a few of the rays – to try and mimic the dappled light it’d receive in the rainforest. In the winter, slow down your watering frequency. If you’re curious about how they’re used, consult a skilled herbalist. Watch for aerial roots attaching themselves to walls and floors. Giving your monstera something to climb up will encourage it to produce bigger leaves with more fenestrations and holes. Diseases. Generally considered poisonous, they’re also used in some traditional herbal medicines. While the plant doesn’t get top heavy, the large leaves do have some weight. These attach themselves to leaves and stems, sucking the vigor out of your plant over time. How much light do Monstera Deliciosa require? Although the baby ones are cute, and by the time it’s taken over the recipient’s house they’ll have forgotten who gave it to them. and also coated the surface of the soil with the neem mix. You could also try staking it to a moss pole, but be careful not to snap the stem – attach the stem not the petioles (the bit that joins the leaf to the stem). Ground Cover Plants As Lawn Replacements & Borders, Monstera deliciosa, delicious monster, monstera plant, monster plant, monster fruit, monsterio delicio, monstereo, hurricane plant, fruit salad plant, fruit salad tree, Swiss cheese plant, cheese plant, Mexican breadfruit, Penglai banana, ceriman, windowleaf, balazo, split leaf philodendron, and other localized names. Instead, it’s grown for those dramatic leaves. Use a natural neem oil solution or insecticidal soap to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally. Don’t exert any pressure on the scales to try to peel them back further. Couldn’t believe my eyes. Mist your plant more frequently if leaf edges look a bit crisp. Humidity-wise, high humidity is preferable. First, the fruit will form on the plant in the form of a spathe and spadix. You should increase your watering frequency. And the Monstera adansonii variegated or variegata gives it a whole new meaning with white or yellow coloring.. I really don’t like the smell of neem oil, so whenever I use it, I try to use it in well-ventilated areas or outdoors. Yeah, poke a couple of holes in the bottom to allow the water to drain through. It's systemic, which means the plant will absorb the neem oil into its circulatory system and poison pests from within. Once the plant has drained its final time, pour off any excess standing liquid in the plant’s tray. Pruning is mostly cosmetic or to retard further growth. It won’t turn into a ‘proper’ root, but it means you’ve definitely got the right bit in the water. They require warm temperatures and humidity to really thrive. I have a whole post on watering monstera here. It’s rallied though and did very well last summer. Monstera really like homemade potting mix. These plants themselves aren’t edible, and in fact they’re poisonous. We can’t just leave stuff alone, can we? If you want your plant to grow quickly, then a lot of bright, indirect sunlight is best. In container conditions, the leaves usually are 1-2 feet in length. Yellow Leaves are Normal. Misting should be twice per week and should be done in the morning hours so excess water can dry. Monstera deliciosa likes bright light, but it should be indirect! Monstera Deliciosa is indigenous to Central America, from Mexico to Panama. Monstera deliciosa is astonishingly resistant to most forms of plant diseases. Like many aroids, they like a good thorough soaking and then to be left to dry out. It is normal for the Monstera plant leaves to turn yellow when new growth sprouts at the bottom. The leaves, stems, sap, and even the roots are never safe to eat. Your soil should be nutrient-rich and should hold moisture without getting soggy. The spadix develops what appear to be greenish scales around the fruit. Wrap it around the joint where an aerial root and leaf axil are located. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Fruit salad plant or fruit salad tree, Swiss cheese plant, monstereo… there’s just bunches of different names. I’ve seen some RIDICULOUS prives for Monstera deliciosa (just the regular green ones) so I’ve found some shops on Etsy that sell them at decent prices. Neem Oil is an all purpose insecticide, miticide, and fungicide used for organic gardening. Simply chop off a portion of your plant below a leaf node (the lumps on the stem that produce leaves and roots) and put it in water. If you fancy trying something a bit different, you can grow Monstera entirely in water (read about how to here), though it can be hard to support them when they get big. Q: Are there other uses for monstera deliciosa? I use neem oil or dormant oil for controlling the spread of the pests. Regular applications of diluted liquid fertilizer or organic granular fertilizer, Not subject to most plant diseases, but can develop root rot if excessively watered. By seed can be difficult, as seeds are hard to find. Still in water, just not sure when to pot in soil. 2. Use about a half-teaspoon of that diluted in a gallon of water. But they produce a fruit called the monster fruit which is edible when ripe. Wash and Treat the Remaining Monstera Plant Parts to Prevent Re-Infection After removing the unhealthy leaves, stems, and roots, prevent re-infection from fungus or bacteria by treating and disinfecting the remaining areas. You can place your cutting into water or into prepared potting soil. However, your plant can tolerate drier conditions occasionally. I’ve just completed one. Do you like to make your indoor space look like a veritable jungle? Monstera are species of evergreen tropical vines/shrubs that are native to Central America. We don’t want to go scaring the cutting. Derived from the Neem seed, Neem Oil kills pests, eggs, and larvae on contact. New roots will develop and your plant will begin to grow. After repotting, provide a good deep watering for your plant to be sure the soil is holding moisture. Let’s go over what to do if any of these arise. It suppresses appetite so insects stop feeding and starve to death. In short, this delicious monster is only delicious when it’s ready to be. To get started, I sprayed down my entire monstera top to bottom. I would loosen the soil from the roots and see if you can set it straighter. In the southeastern USA, it’s often called hurricane plant. Monstera Deliciosa plants are susceptible to root rot, so you need to be very careful not to over-water them. That’s an entirely different plant. This post may contain affiliate links. Several compounds in neem seeds are proved to be useful as insecticides. Fill the pot completely full, then allow the excess water to drain out. Large Monstera can be expensive, so it might be worth putting a few plants in one big pot to get a fuller-looking plant more quickly. They Might Be Both! I have a recipe in my how to repot article, I have a post on how to find cheap monstera, I have an article here on how much monstera cost, Plant profile: how to care for…Fiddle-leaf Fig Trees. Begin treatment using neem oil. This works surprisingly well. Free of the majority of pest or disease issues, monstera deliciosa can be a real fun plant to grow. Despite quite a lot of neglect, I’ve never had pests on my Monstera. These rarely produce flowers outside of their natural habitat. This plant needs more light than most Monsteras because of its’ variegated leaves. If it’s growing faster, transplant it when it’s outgrown its existing pot. Don’t risk it on your own as they can be dangerous! Monstera Deliciosa Fruit: How To Eat It Safely. In my experience, they’re pretty tolerant of crappy lighting. Monstera Deliciosa is an epiphyte, meaning they attach their roots to tree trunks and grow up them towards the light. This reduces the chance of the cutting rotting in the water. However, they’ve been introduced to islands like Hawaii and the Seychelles, where, predictably, they’re mildly invasive. Place a heavy stake or trellis in place, being sure it’s secure. But too little, and it may wilt. Outside of its natural tropical habitat, monstera plants are less hardy. Hi, I'm Kevin. Having said that, don’t put monstera in draughts. Subscribe to the Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes or Spotify. As this plant is a natural climber, you’ll want something for it to crawl up! The plant isn’t grown for its fruit nor its weird, spiky flower that forms its fruit. If using the granular, apply 1/4lb every 8 weeks throughout the plant’s first year of growth. This removes the pests without damaging the plant. Solution: Mist it more often, especially if the tips are also looking crisp in addition to brown. With a scientific name that literally means “delicious monster”, you can’t go wrong. One was climbing half way up a tree. When it’s unripe, it can cause irritation of the mouth and throat. I’m not a misting fan. Problem: leaf edges turning brown. If you want to buy a monstera of whatever type, I have an article here on how much monstera cost. If you want epic growth, place your Monstera near a bright-ish window, but not in direct sun (although an hour or so is probably fine – it certainly is in the UK). The starches in the fruit need time to convert to sugars, and so it will ripen very slowly. Shake it up well. Mist it, if you like. Been nearly 2 months, has grown a new leaf with fenestrations and lots of new roots so I’m thinking soon. Be careful not to overuse, as this can weaken plants and cause discoloration. The soil should always be well-draining and the plant needs a lot of indirect but bright sunlight. The key is to repeat spraying the solution every 3-4 days to control the pests. The monstera siltepecana is a medium sized, vining foliage plant that can grow to about 4 feet in height and breadth upon maturity. People in other zones should opt to maintain their plant as an indoor plant only. A delicious monster. In frost conditions, your plant will die off, so avoid cold weather entirely! Sometimes even with the best care, monstera plants can have a few issues. Monstera means monster, and deliciosa means delicious, which is quite pleasing. Also glad you mentioned how they grow in the wild. (If you live in the UK, a lot of garden centres sell them pretty cheaply). Only the parts that the scales have flaked off of are safe to eat. Specs: Ready to use spray, 32 Fl oz Tell tale signs that your monstera is affected by spider mites are mottled or browning leaves, curled up or shriveling foliage with yellowing marks. Neem oil extracted from the seeds of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica) effectively works for pest control. A quick look at Google and we have reports of mealybugs and spider mites as being common threats to monstera. Provide water at the base of the plant. Its aerial rootlets will latch onto tree bark with tentacle-like precision. Equal parts perlite, potting mix and orchid bark is good. It’s actually pretty difficult to kill Monstera (though overwatering is probs the easiest way to do it), so don’t worry too much about putting it in the wrong spot. But if you’re not sensitive, enjoy your rare rainforest treat! Once in place, tie the moss with string to keep it there, and wrap with plastic (either plastic wrap or a plastic bag). In contrast, it has relatively small leaves getting up to about 4 to 5 inches. New roots should form within a few months, and you can clip it off below the roots to replant elsewhere. Monstera deliciosa is astonishingly resistant to most forms of plant diseases. A slow-release granular fertilizer can also be used. They’re also worked into baskets in portions of southern Mexico. Let’s go over the best way to water and provide the right humidity for your plant. Hopefully you’re better prepared for growing this gargantuan tropical! Coat all leaf surfaces and stems with a fine misting of neem oil. Combat them by giving all leaf surfaces a good misting of neem oil. This allows you to remove the leaf in its entirety without harming the plant’s base. They’re large, striking and not particularly inclined to drop down dead because you moved it a quarter of an inch to the left (*gives side-eye to the fiddle-leaf fig*). Make sure you give it ample room to grow. Carefully unpot your monster plant and set it into place. While it does have soil-based roots, it also has roots along the stem. Once the scales start to peel back, cut the fruit free of the stem and place it in a paper bag to allow it to ripen further. Again, will take whatever conditions you throw at it, but higher humidity will result in a faster growth rate. If you have a big pest problem that means you haven’t been paying attention to your Monstera. Just be aware that the darker the spot you put it in, the slower it will grow and the less water it will need. I even sometimes put on a mask, which lots of people should have handy these days. Monstera Deliciosa is indigenous to Central America, from Mexico to Panama. Should have taken some photos. What should you do with the aerial roots on a monstera? Propagation. Monster fruit is safe to eat unless you have a sensitivity to oxalates, but only when ripe. Temperature-wise, the perfect range for this tropical is between 68-86 degrees. Mine’s in terracotta and it seems happy enough. Be extra vigilant about keeping your Monstera dust-free, and wipe with a neem oil solution. Optimal conditions for growing great big fenestrated leaves would include high humidity – 60% and above. Aim for a pot which is 2″ wider than the prior one, as that provides plenty of space. Aerial roots that become unruly are easy to snip off with a clean and sterile pair of pruning shears. You can also seal the end with wax (dip it in a melted tealight). Too much water, and your monstera deliciosa is susceptible to rot issues. Spray each side of every leaf and gently scrub, be sure to support the leaves while you scrub to avoid tearing. While the gigantic leaves seem impervious, they’re easily burned by the rays of the sun. The naturally-forming azdirachtin will kill off mite eggs and slowly poison adults. To maintain the humidity around your plant, you can mist it. But if unripe, this fruit is full of oxalic acid which will burn your mouth and throat. They can kill your monstera if they go unchecked. Mine actually is in a draught (do as I say, not as I do) because it’s right next to my french windows, which we use as a back door. Yet too much shade isn’t good either. You can then use plastic ties or strips of cloth to tie the plant stem to the support. The two types of oil are effective. The easiest way to propagate Monstera Deliciosa is to take cuttings. Since these plants seldom produce fruit and the seed has a short shelf life, it’s important to plant it fast. Apply that directly to the soil to replace a routine watering session. Watering Monstera Deliciosa. Fill to the height at which it was previously planted, tucking in any aerial roots. Monstera deliciosa should be transplanted about every two years. Monstera are hard to kill, but also difficult to get to grow quickly. Otherwise, your monstera should be disease-free! Cleaning your plant’s leaves may be required, especially if it’s indoors. This also gives it the Swiss cheese plant name! First I had seen in the wild. The way it does it is by repelling the insects from eating the plants with its bitter taste. Small populations of scale insects can be removed using a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. I’ve never had an issue with crispy or browning leaves, and mine has had some serious neglect. Hi! Finally, there’s a technique called air layering. Very few pests seem interested in monstera deliciosa. A little more about me. This unusual plant will bring lots of tropical color to your living space! Repeat this process once every few days for a few weeks to completely remove the infestation. Spider mites can cause small yellow specks or patches to develop on leaf surfaces. Plants grown from seed will take a long time to develop into larger plants. Damaged roots should get pruned off during your regular repotting. Monstera can bloom and produce (delicious) fruit but are unlikely to do so indoors. 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