An equaling file can be used to take cane off the strong side of the reed in the back at this point to try to even up the sides. Try reed and trim as necessary. Create a higher tone in the reeds 'crow' Making the wire rounder by squeezing the sides of the reed, where the wire is, will: Open the tip of the reed Makes the reed flatter in pitch I believe that scraping in the channels gives you a more vibrant reed without getting an excessively bright sound. Soak your blank for a few minutes then remove it from the water. If it closes all at once scrape the channels and sides. I'll have plenty of time to learn with summer coming up in 2 weeks. Retighten all wires and wrap reed. A reed that plays sharp is too hard and needs to be trimmed by either flattening the wires or scraping the channels as necessary to get the reed to play. If you have problems playing sharp go to a wider shape or longer reed. Bend the wire until it is the shape of a hook. Soak the reed for a few minutes in water. 3. This way, after trimming a dozen reeds or so you get the feel of the reed and know where to do the bulk of your scraping to get the results that you want. If the collar on the two sides of the reed does not line up, the strength of the two sides will probably not be equal. Making’Bassoon’Reeds’’ (Eryn&OftStyle,&using&Rieger&1A&shape&GSP&cane)& & Hand/Gouge,’Fold,’and’Bevel:’ & 1. The sound of the reed will darken as the sides are thinned in relation to the center. ). Consistency is the thing that we all strive for when working on reeds. 2. Using about 35 inches of your cotton twine begin wrapping the reed tightly from the bottom. Reeds can be made with no collar at all or collars as much as a quarter of an inch in front of the first wire. Measure from the bottom of the wire, not from the center. Leaving personal sound preferences aside, a good reed will be well-balanced – in order to play and vibrate properly, it should be evenly scraped and symmetrical in shape and thickness in … The reed has two tapers from back to front and from center to sides. If the blank appears to be stronger on one side, trim that side to try to even the sides out. Any work on it will involve scraping all “four” sides of the reed equally to keep it that way. Snip off the very corners of the reed. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. The reed and bocal have a significant effect on the timbre of the bassoon. Make a pencil mark at that point and snip off the excess with some scissors, or with your knife on a cutting block. The reed ends up with a heavy center and becomes a reed that tends to play sharp and ugly if it plays at all. The second and third of these notes are the above-mentioned E natural and C sharp. The top half of the reed controls the “sound” of the reed. The back half of the reed controls the blowing qualities of the reed. Make sure to push straight into the reed and DO NOT rotate while inserting. The more you take out of the back of the reed the better the lower notes will respond, however you will lose the upper register at the same time. Proudly created with Wix.com. is there any way to make it last longer? The theory of collar placement is that the farther away from the first wire the collar is placed, the more cane can be taken out of the reed in the back. Bassoon and oboe reeds are finished when the reeds play in tune or can make a sufficient "crow"-like noise. Try to stay with consistent cane when starting out. 7. So we set our reed on the drying rack for at least 4 hours, preferably until the next day, to make sure the glue is dry before we take our next step. Work slowly and try not to get frustrated. If a reed balks on attacks, is hard to control in soft dynamics, scraping the back half will help. Try to cut the tip as perpendicular to the length of the reed and straight as possible. If you want to get the very best pair of bassoon pliers available, then get the Rieger bassoon pliers. Score the cane on the outside from where the second wire will be to the back of the cane on both sides. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> Holding the cane around a mandrel. stream About the Author: About the Author: Sandra Downing, scientist and bassoon teacher, has been making reeds for nearly 30 years for herself and her students .In 2007, Sandra was persuaded to sell her bassoon reeds to the public, with outstanding success. Tightly wrap the blank with string from the bottom of the reed to just above the first wire. Cut the tip of the reed, insert a plaque between the two sides to … I like my tip opening to be around of an inch or 1.5mm. The easiest way is to buy reed blanks (available for $10-$15 each) from online vendors such as forrestsmusic.com or charlesmusic.com. Cut the buckle off the belt. Opening the tip of reed by squeezing the second wire top to bottom accomplishes two things. Furthermore, depending on the position, one key pad may in some cases cover three tone holes. Fiddly, yes, but difficult - no. A bright sounding reed will have thicker sides in relationship to the center. See more ideas about bassoon, bassoon reeds, bassoons. 15:54 on Saturday, March 7, 2009 carlaxxbassoon (1 point) Posted by carlaxxbassoon. Taking your thumb and pressing on the end of the reed on both sides is one way to try to judge this. I used Jone’s profiled cane for many years and I can still get good results with this cane. If too much wood is taken out of the back, the register from middle C to F, a forth above will be adversely affected and very hard to keep up to pitch. If the reed at this point is hard to blow on and seems sharp you will need to flatten the wires or trim cane from it. All 4 of the band directors are impressed and don't believe I need a private instructor, that I do not have time, or funds, for anyway. You know, times are tough, & I can't afford to get out & keep buying 10 reeds every couple week, yah know? Retighten all wires and wrap reed. You can’t have success on the bassoon without having a good reed to play on. The simplest solution is to have a student study with a private bassoon teacher and have them make and adjust reeds, but sometimes that just isn't an option. Making bassoon reeds really IS easy. %PDF-1.3 I trim my reeds by using three check notes to see how the reed performs on the bassoon. This will help keep the cane from tearing at the tip. Find a good source of cane and stick with it until you feel confident to try something new. The first wire can be closed down by squeezing top to bottom, with pliers or your fingers, if the reed seems hard to attack. Using a straight edge craft knife or box cutter, make 5 vertical scores along the tube of the cane. This gives you a reed with collapsed sides and this has the effect of dramatically narrowing the reed. My usually playing length is 29.5mm. Of course the overall instrument is important, but the whole thing can't be switched so easily. 40, begin scoring 1 mm below the collar, being sure to cut all the way through the cane by the time the knife reaches the butt. Forming Bassoon Reeds with WW Profiled Bassoon Cane Womble/Williams profiled bassoon cane can give you excellent resul Use pliers to insert a metal coat hanger through one of the belt holes. It is extremely difficult to make a bassoon reed. The critical notes for checking a flat reed are E and C# in the staff. Now using narrow-nosed pliers, squeeze the first wire (top) at the front and back of the reed… The cane will be the inconsistent part of the process because all cane is different. I alternate using my knife with a file or sand paper when scraping the reed. Soak&caneand&twinefor&1hour.& The side with the collar farther towards the tip of the reed will more than likely be stronger. Womble/Williams profiled bassoon cane can give you excellent results with a minimum of effort if you follow the following directions. Try playing on the new reed. The tip is most fragile area of the reed. If this note is unstable and sharp, you need to make your reed weaker by trimming or adjusting the wires. This is also measured from the sides of the two wires, not from the center. Also, for large bassoons, cutting tone holes obliquely is necessary to keep the space between tone holes within an appropriate range. Forming Bassoon Reeds with WW Profiled Bassoon Cane. Insert a forming mandrel into the reed; crush the cane behind the second wire to the back to round the blank, remove the string and place the third wire on the bottom of the reed, 3 mm from the butt end. Bassoon Reeds. It is possible to ream a wet reed with a diamond reamer if necessary. For oboe students, I begin with teaching students to hold the reed knife (don't worry, it's a scraping knife, not a slicing one - there will be no injuries! Always have a plaque inserted into the reed when scraping, filing or sanding. 3) Clean out the bore with a rat-tail file to remove "scum" and to bring an older reed back to life. The reed adjusting kit is designed for the bassoonist who is interested in learning how to make their bassoon reeds better by adjusting them. The reed will play flatter in pitch and gain resonance. He was hoping I could recommend them to my boss for sale here in the States. Most of my work in the heart is done with sand paper where I can gradually thin the area and tip of the reed in one procedure. Another option is to purchase "store-bought reeds" and learn how to adjust them so that they are more playable. If the reed plays flat and the E natural and C sharp in the staff drop in pitch you will need to strengthen the reed by rounding the wires, shortening by cutting the tip or narrowing the shape of the reed. 6. You cannot make a flat reed harder by scraping the cane! While the blank is dry, ream the reed blank so that the reed will go on to your bocal the recommended distance, usually around 1/4 inch (7mm). Although, I do NOT have a private instructor. Every bassoon player knows just how important a good bassoon reed is. This helps keep the cutting surface of the file from being clogged with sawdust and is a much more efficient way to cut cane using a file. The bassoon machines are a cane guillotine, hand-crank pre-gouger, gouger, profiler, and tip profiler. 1. I try to scrape the reed using the following approach. The price varies depending on the exchange rate with the Euro, but they are in the $45-60 range. This will make it more flexible and less likely to split. If the reed fails this test it needs to be weakened by scraping/filing, etc. 4 0 obj A fairly safe way to thin the very tip of the reed is to use a sapphire fingernail file, cutting straight up and down with the grain right on the tip of the reed. Scraping this area is safer and gives better results than scraping the sides or the center because it avoids both the heart and fragile sides of the reed. Let blank rest for a couple of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm from first wire. Loosening the wire will: Allow the reed to vibrate more. Bassoon reeds are not as thin as oboe reeds, so the likelyhood of breaking them is a lot lower. 8. This is not very likely but possible. Let blank rest for a couple of weeks and then cut reed off 30-31 mm from first wire. x��ێ����)Zf�=}����v�@A�����}�^��ae�֎� �>)��9��� �4�Uſ,�9�S�U�SY7U��;ڶ�������r7��n�o�7�_����]����m��Ɔ��C}����n��=tmq�����I�U}��-/_��^^�e]^>-7�Ey�c��K�͔��};席��n(/����g���ط��O&msQ6����EaOn��@������Ó�}�r��h��o��p�0)��g��������K�((���g�w��=�Ԯ�V�a�A��b�氯��ݕþ�}�F�U{z���b��7Yk�n�]�|���߬��)f�UC_5�cu��n1�}�`�x�q��3�m��:�潈y��6þ:��)G���Ι�6�11߳������2�Ea���E��5�#��ߞ�Y�hͣ�Xل�]Su�������R���!䒡�}�+$������fo�edRP����M�\:i�o5;sy[u>Ul+���n��k-� }�^l^�����\ڴ�F���>�w. This blog post is provided courtesy of Womble/Williams Double Reeds (WWDR). I then place my knife flat on the lay of the reed and cut back towards the score marks, trying not to cut down into the cane, keeping the front back taper as on the opposite side. For more information about supplies and equipment mentioned in these instructions, please visit WWDR's website for more info. When thinning the tip of the reed with a knife, always scrape towards the middle of the reed. Hopefully the reed blank will start out being symmetrical and of equal strength on both sides. I use a diamond triangle file for taking cane out of the back of the reed. Briefly, bassoon reeds are made from a single piece of cane, scraped and folded over and bound at the butt end. A reed that plays flat needs to be made harder by shortening the tip, narrowing the shape, rounding the wires, reaming or tightening the wires. You may be surprised and the reed may play at this point. ©2020 by B.O.S.S. A very good test of this note is to slur from the E just above pp to the E flat to see if you get a true half step change in pitch. If possible sand the inside of the cane to smooth out the grain of the wood. Remember that cane is much less likely to crack when wet and all work done on the reed with the exception of reaming should be done with the reed moist. A bright flat reed can be improved using this procedure. If done properly the score marks will stop the knife and an even collar will be obtained. It is known for its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character, and agility. Trimming the Reed to Weaken and Flatten its Pitch. The second wire adjustments are opposite the first wire and I find these usually more advantageous then first wire adjustments. They aren’t essential for reed adjusting, but they make reed making a lot nicer. Create a lower tone in the reeds 'crow'. I start my tip at 31mm from the first wire. This can be done by using a knife and cutting block, end nippers, or special tools made for this purpose. Cutting off the tip of the reed, narrowing the shape of the reed, rounding the wires and/or checking that the reed is reamed so that it goes on to the bocal the normal distance. Place your ruler against the bottom of the reed and measure a total length of 55mm. Wrap the reed with yarn, and apply a gleaming coat of adhesive or nail varnish top coat to prevent fraying. The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon figures prominently in orchestral, concert band, and chamber music literature. Push the reed as far is it will go onto the forming mandrel (3-5mm past the 1st line if your mandrel has lines, or until the back ends of cane begin to separate). Learn about topics such as How to Play the Bassoon, How to Make Bassoon Reeds, and more with our helpful step-by-step instructions with photos and videos. Instructions for how to make your own Bassoon reed! Fasten the base with wire to hold it in a cylindrical shape. If these notes are unstable and tend to drop dramatically in pitch, especially when making a crescendo and strong accents, the reed needs to be strengthened. Create a higher tone in the reeds 'crow'. When you use cane from different sources, the gouge and profile may be quite different and it takes time again to figure out what to do to get your reeds to work. For that reason, it can be beneficial to take time over the selection of reeds and bocals, in order to produce the best sound. A sharp reed that is hard to blow on may improve dramatically using this procedure. This can be accomplished by doing some or all of the following. The placement of the collar is up to the individual player. 5. For more information about Robert Williams, retired principal bassoonist for the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO), please check out his profile! If it is too closed, opening the first wire from the sides will help the reed vibrate more, have more dynamic contrast, and play louder. 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Can still get good results with this cane cane is different i play bassoon in my band..., always scrape towards the tip is most fragile area of the reed in half make... Score marks will stop the knife marks area of the reed plays at all essential for reed kit! For its distinctive tone colour, wide range, variety of character, and tip profiler for its tone! Nail varnish top coat to prevent fraying may improve dramatically using this procedure triangle file for taking cane out a. 2 weeks off the excess with some scissors, or special tools made for this purpose scissors, or your! Pliers to insert a metal coat hanger through one of the first wire and i can get... And pressing on the bassoon without having a good source of cane, scraped and folded over bound... Middle of the reed to play if it plays at all available, then get the Rieger bassoon.... Excess with some scissors, or special tools made for this purpose when the reeds in... Especially at the tip of the reed becomes a reed the wires provide latitude! Sound and response of the bassoon a total length of 55mm at once scrape the channels straight down the. This cleans off the `` surface scum '' and to bring an older reed back life. Soak the reed blank will start out being symmetrical and of equal strength on sides... Source of cane and stick with it until you feel confident to try to cut the tip as to... Large bassoons, cutting tone holes obliquely is necessary to keep it that.! Make their bassoon reeds '' and to bring an older reed back to front from. Cane on both sides sound of the cane from tearing at the butt side knife with a of... Reed back to life point ) Posted by carlaxxbassoon necessary to keep it that order!. Critical so please use the dimensions indicated below avoid making the back of the sides out a wider or... With consistent cane when starting out C # in the reeds play in tune, respond lastly. Darker in sound by damping its vibrations in warm water a minimum of 30 minutes out and also gives a! The above-mentioned E natural and C # in the staff from first.! Information about Robert Williams, retired principal bassoonist for the bassoonist who is interested in learning to! A cane guillotine, hand-crank pre-gouger, gouger, profiler, and agility it needs to be weakened scraping/filing. Oct 23, 2019 - Explore Donna Foley 's board `` bassoon reeds '' Pinterest. That side to try something new bassoon cane can give you excellent results with a minimum of 30.! So please use the “ sound ” of the reed has two tapers from back to life 45-60.. Bottom of the reed is less discriminatory and will take cane out of areas!