With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. Top 10 Agriculture Colleges In Himachal Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. Himachal Pradesh. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Let us take a look at these. 10. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Agriculture Himachal farmers have an affair with flowers. Orange Farming Information Guide: The following article is about Orange Farming Practices, and Techniques. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. Add your answer and earn points. The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. are traditionally grown by the Himachal farmers in some areas. Ph: 01782-233643 (o), Cell: 09418034928, Email: drrsminhas@gmail.com , drrshimla@gmail.com Contact: Dr. R.S. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. The main cereals grown in the state are wheat, maize, rice and barley. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश) ) is a state in Northern India.It is spread over 21,495 sq mi (55,670 km2), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and south-west, Haryana and Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. In India, forty two species of different pests have been reported on this crop (Reddy and Kumar, 2004). Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. Important vegetables grown in different zones of Himachal Pradesh: Zone I <914 m, 60-100 cm rainfall Tomato, frenchbean, okra, ginger, brinjal, cucumber, kharif onion, pea. [56] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. The present study, therefore, was carried out to study the impact of crop diversification on cropping pattern, resource use, income and employment in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. The state also produces pulses and oilseeds. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Agriculture contributes nearly 45% to the net state domestic product. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. [107][108][109] Of late, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country. [21], According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. It alone accounts for 46 percent of total area under fruit crops and 76 percent of the total fruits production. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. Write 5 sentences about crops grown in himachal pradesh in halda festival 2 See answers rishikaar063 is waiting for your help. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Agriculture contributes nearly about 45% to the net state domestic product. of 1950). [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. Home Tags Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. IN COVID-19 FARMERS HOME DELIVER HYGIENICALLY GROWN, CLEANED VEGETABLES. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. Maize, wheat paddy are covered under MSP but this year farmer is getting between Rs 1,000-1,200 per quintal for maize as against Rs 1,850 per quintal MSP. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is one of the eleven mountain states and is characterized by an extreme landscape featuring several peaks and extensive river systems. Onion Farming Information Guide for Beginners. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing … In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. A horticulturist in Himachal Pradesh is furthering this idea by growing plants using only nutrient-rich water on his farm. Urd, Bean, Moong, Rajmash in Kharif season and Gram Lentil in Rabi are the important pulse crops of the State. Potato is a major crop grown in 2.15 million ha in India during 2018 (FAO, 2020), and in Himachal Pradesh, it is a main cash crop (Anonymous, 2017). Barley is cultivated largely in Shimla district. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. The production of Maize, which was 67.3 thousand tones in 1951-1952 has gone up to 644.44 thousand tonnes in the year 2017-2018. Himachal Pradesh District FactPage TM: Solan District This two-page report in A-3 paper size format comprises the basic information of a particular district. Himachal Pradesh is also known as the ‘Apple State of … Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. consulting agency CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University Palampur 1.12 Sowing window for 5 major crops (start and end of sowing period) Maize Rice Wheat Barley Blackgram Kharif- Rainfed 3rd week of May to 3rd week of June 3rd week of May to Agriculture Borewell Drilling Cost, Pump Price, and Pipe Cost, and Setup Guide Let us get into details of Borewell Drilling Cost... Read more Agriculture Farming The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. 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Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e.